To achieve the international climate goals set out in the 2015 Paris Agreement, the world is undergoing a profound energy transition. The Netherlands aims to reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) to net zero by 2050. And together with like-minded European countries, we have successfully achieved that the EU raise its interim target to a 55-percent reduction by 2030.
The Netherlands’ targets are set out in the 2019 Climate Agreement. It was reached through a collaborative process, in which over 100 stakeholders developed plans to reduce CO2 emissions in five sectors: electricity, industry, the built environment, mobility, and agriculture and the natural environment.
Energy-efficiency and electric transport are top priorities for the Dutch government. Dutch railways already have an extensive electrified rail network powered by renewable sources. More and more local municipalities are implementing electric and hydrogen-fuelled bus lines. At the same time, electric vehicles are becoming more commonplace as the infrastructure that runs them expands.
Renewables are expected to turn the Netherlands from a net importer into a net exporter of electricity in the coming years. Between 2008 and 2018, the share of renewables in the total energy mix increased by half. At present, bioenergy is the primary source of renewable energy. By 2030, wind and solar are expected to become the main sources of renewable energy, making up 70% of electricity generation.
Flexible and interconnected energy systems are key to our ambition to achieve a cost-effective transition to a low-carbon economy. We work with international partners on new energy technologies and recently agreed to share information on hydrogen production for research and development with the United States. We have also entered an agreement with Portugal to develop green hydrogen in Europe.