Sustainable & inclusive entrepreneurship

Clean energy

Increasing demand on energy as the result of population growth and modern development is one of the factors accelerating climate change. This compels us to look at innovative and integrated ways to generate sustainable energy.

The world is experiencing a profound energy transition, shifting from an energy system based on fossil fuels, to one based on renewable energy. The primary focus of Dutch energy policy is a transition to a low carbon energy system.  By 2050, the Netherlands wants to reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide (CO2) to zero. The government plans to make 16% of all energy used in the Netherlands sustainable by 2023. 


The Netherlands has developed a detailed policy framework to achieve their goals using the Dutch polder model of consultations. The core of this framework is the 2019 Climate Agreement, which was developed through collaborative talks at what became known as the climate tables. Over 100 stakeholders from across Dutch society contributed to developing the 2019 Climate Agreement, which contains emissions reductions targets and measures in five sectors: electricity, industry, the built environment, mobility, and agriculture and the natural environment.

Investing in renewable electricity

The Dutch government invests heavily energy-efficiency and electric transport. As with most IEA countries, Dutch transport demand is dominated by oil. However, the Netherlands has an extensive rail network that is almost completely electrified and is a global leader in electric vehicles (EV) deployment and EV charging infrastructure, with around 200,000 registered EVs and over 50,000 EV charging stations in 2019. Renewable energy deployment is progressing rapidly. Dutch renewable contribution to total final energy consumption (TFEC) increased by 50% between 2008 and 2018. Bioenergy is the primary source of renewable energy and includes transportation biofuels and direct use of biomass in heating and electricity. It is expected that increasing generation from renewables will shift the Netherlands from its historic status as a net importer to a net exporter of electricity in the early 2020s.


The 2019 Climate Agreement and other initiatives define a broad framework of supporting policies and measures in the Netherlands aimed at achieving its Green House Gas (GHG) emissions by 49% by 2030. The Netherlands sees flexible and interconnected energy systems as essential to achieving a cost-effective transition to a low-carbon economy. Implementation of the 2019 Climate Agreement measures would result in at least 70% of electricity generation coming from renewables (mainly variable wind and solar) by 2030.