Peace, justice & security

International The Hague

The Hague is known as the legal capital of the world. It is home to a large number of international legal organisations such as the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Criminal Court and various UN tribunals. The city hosted the International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the Special Court for Sierra Leone and currently hosts Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Besides the various courts of justice, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons is also located in The Hague.

The Netherlands works closely with others to defend peace and justice worldwide, both because it is the right thing to do and because it is a prerequisite for economic growth. Working together on international law issues — such as the prosecution of war crimes, violence against women and children, and border conflicts — advances our common security and our economic priorities.

The First Hague International Peace Conference in 1899 laid the groundwork for the establishment of the Permanent Court of Arbitration. By 1922, The Hague emerged as the legal capital of the world following the construction of the Peace Palace and the establishment of the Permanent Court of International Justice. The latter later became the International Court of Justice.

The Peace Palace has come to symbolise the Dutch peace and justice effort. The Hague, and with it, the Netherlands, is firmly committed to peace and justice, in the widest sense, ranging from dispute settlement to capacity building and global justice.